Solid Wood Packaging Material (SWP) that is used with Export consignments is treated before it is exported to avoid the transmission of the Exotic pests from one country to the other solution.
Heat Treatment is the most widely used method to comply with ISPM-15 norms. It is Eco-friendly, safe and quick method. No Chemicals are involved in this process of wood treatment.
Heat treatment very simply put is -- using controlled atmosphere (temperature and Humidity) inside a chamber to raise the core temperature of the wood to 56 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes. This Process essentially and effectively kills all life forms of Bug, Termites or Borers that may have nested themselves within the wood packaging material.
Though lot of engineering goes into it , but the basic principal remains the same. Heat treatment is an approved Quarantine treatment under International standard for phytosanitary measures (ISPM-15) and it is an alternative to Methyl bromide fumigation treatment for wood packaging material of the export consignment.
Heat Treatment vs. Fumigation
One of the principal advantages of heat treatment over fumigation is that HT is an eco-friendly method with least detrimental affect on the environment, especially during current environmental concerns in the international community.
Major advantage of heat treatment is that it reduces the moisture content of the wood considerably which in turn makes the wood less prone to microbial infestations like fungus and mould (commonly blue stain and mould or decay fungi found in india). “Sap wood is most prone to Insect attacks as it is softer and retains moisture. It’s the peripheral layer of a tree that is not mature yet and transports water from the roots to the rest of the tree. Core wood (also known as heart wood) which is harder and adds strength to the tree is less prone to attack, provided it is allowed to mature enough.”
Unlike fumigation this treatment is hassle -free. In the case of Methyl bromide fumigation of the loaded container, lot of safety concerns arises as Methyl bromide is readily absorbed by lot of export consignments and dangerous levels of gas are detected at the port of discharge. Entire EU countries prefer heat treatment over Methy bromide fumigation due to the safety concerns.
Logistics in Heat Treatment
The quantum of wood that can be treatment in one batch depends upon the size of Heat treatment chamber. The time taken is much less than Methyl bromide fumigation where the exposure of the gas is 24 hrs. Depending upon the moisture content of the wood, one typical heat treatment cycles takes just about 3-4 hrs. This Process essentially and effectively kills all life form of Bugs, Termites or Borers that may have nested themselves within the wood packaging material.
Once the wooden packaging material like pallets, boxes, crates are heat treatment in line with ISPM-15 standard, the wood is marked/stamped as bug - free and certified. This heat treatment certificate is valid in international trade (export-import).
Once the ISPM-15 standard is Implemented , the custom Inspection authorities at the ports of entry of imported goods will verify and confirm if the Wood Packaging Material (WPM) is properly marked with the ISPM-15 official stamp and that the unique codes of the stamp are recorded on the official database of the Regulating authority. We have also been the first company in India to introduce Hot stamping (heat branding or embossing) of Wooden pallets.This type of hot stamping (heat branding) leaves clear and permanent mark on the wood (unlike ink stamps).This additional service of pallets heat branding or embossing is available to our clients at a nominal extra cost.
Unique codes such as the one on top are provided by the Dept. of Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQS), Govt. of India.
We have necessary approvals and certifications (including the unique code) required to provide Wood Heat Treatment Services. We have the ability to process hundreds of pallets per ISPM-15 standards everyday in our state of the art kiln facility.
Wood Heat Treatment Cost
The cost of heat treatment to the wood packging material depends upon the dimensions and volume of wood, Quality of wood, target moisture content and other factors. However, in the case of large volumes (i.e. 300 pallets and above of standard dimension) the per pallet treatment costs anywhere between Rs.85/- to Rs.125/-.
Apart from supplying heat treated pallets and boxes we carry out the job works of heat treatment of wooden Pallets, Boxes, Liftvans, Crates, Drums and Skids etc. and supply in entire Delhi NCR region i.e Noida, Greater Noida, Gurgaon, Manesar, Gaziabad, Bahadurgarh, Sonepat, Faridabad, Palwal etc.We also Supply Heat Treated Wooden pallets